Major engineering services include, product and industrial process design, systems engineering; construction, design and management; and maintenance and operations. Most engineering services firms specialize in a specific type of engineering. Engineering firms participate in projects which require skills in design, analysis, operations or project management or all of these. Most engineering work is per project.
Engineering services may include preparation of feasibility studies, providing advice, developing preliminary and final plans and designs; inspecting and evaluating engineering projects; and providing technical services during the construction or installation phase.
Engineering Employment - Employer Reviews
- Albemarle Careers
- American Chemical Society Careers
- Bechtel Bettis Careers
- Design Partners Inc Careers
- G.C. Wallace Careers
- JCA Engineering Careers
- Sentel Corporation Careers
- The U.S. engineering services industry has about 60,000 companies (First Research, 2011 report)
- The U.S. engineering services industry has a combined annual revenue of about $255 billion (First Research, 2011 report)
- The largest 50 companies account for approximately 35 percent of industry revenue (First Research, 2011 report)
- The estimated yearly global spending for engineering services is estimated at $750 billion (First Research, 2011 report)
- Less than 5 percent of engineering services firms have more than one office or location (Hoovers)
Engineering Services Industry Employment Background
Workers in the engineering services industry participate in a variety of activities including designing and managing construction and engineering infrastructure projects, designing and managing environmental projects or industrial processes. They're also involved with feasibility studies and quality management and accreditation. Besides being involved in design and development, many engineers participate in testing, production or maintenance.
Engineers utilize computers extensively to perform tasks such as:
- Creating designs
- Simulating and testing how a structure, machine or system operates
- Monitoring the quality of products
- Generating specification for parts
- Control the efficiency of processes
Engineering Services Industry Employment Statistics
- Half of the engineering services firms have fewer than five employees (Hoovers)
- In 2010: An estimated 863,850 employees in the engineering services industry (Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS))
- In 2010, the number of management occupations: 86,940 (BLS)
- There were 8,740 sales and related occupations in 2010 (BLS)
- In 2010, the number of office and administrative support occupations: 98,060 (BLS)
- There were 1.6 million engineering jobs in 2008 (BLS)
- Regarding employment, the top engineering specialties in 2008 in descending order: Civil engineers, mechanical engineers, industrial engineers, electrical engineers, electronics engineers, except computer (BLS)
- In 2008, approximately 36 percent of engineering jobs were provided by manufacturing industries and about 30 percent were provided by the professional, scientific and technical services industries, primarily in architectural, engineering and related services (BLS)
Engineering Services Industry Employment Outlook
Overall engineering employment is forecasted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to grow 11 percent from 2008 to 2018, about as fast as the average for all occupations. The BLS expects the employment growth in the engineering, research and development sector and the consulting services sector to create most of the employment growth.
The continued globalization of engineering work will probably dampen engineering employment growth in the United States to some degree. The Internet has made it fairly easy to have part of the engineering work done by lower paid engineers living in other countries. The trend toward contracting for engineering work with engineering services companies both domestic and foreign, has made engineers more vulnerable to layoffs during periods of lower demand.
An economic recovery will increase demand for construction projects which need engineering services. Growing demand for energy projects in East Asia and South America will also increase demand for engineering services.